Positive Behavior Support Techniques for Children with Special Needs

positive behavior skills

According to federal law, individualized Education Program (IEP) groups for children pursuing special education must explore utilizing positive behavior support techniques for children with special needs, techniques, and supports to assist children who have behavioral difficulties. Children that show complex behaviors in school often struggle to learn. Because behavior usually signals an unfulfilled need, the IEP team should be proactive in determining why the behavior is happening and what needs it is satisfying. This discovery process should include assessment and data analysis to make an informed choice about assisting the kid in acquiring positive behavior skills. Behavior intervention and positive behavior support the children’s unique needs, and this positive behavior support in special education helps children’s mental development a lot.

Establishing clear expectations

Students may exhibit challenging behavior if the required classroom behaviors are not clearly defined or taught. Those, especially students with impairments, may be perplexed about what has been expected of them. Clear visual clues such as posters or images, as well as the use of inclusive language, assist students in understanding what behaviors have been expected of them together in the classroom. Teachers may remind students of these expectations regularly, apply them consistently, and recognize students who exhibit behaviors that are consistent with these standards.

Praise for particular behaviors

Praise is a potent weapon in a teacher’s armory since it is free and plentiful. Behavior-specific praise has two effects. For starters, it recognizes and rewards good student behavior. Second, it leads to a good school environment where kids aspire to improve socially and intellectually. Teachers should actively seek out behaviors to reward. Praise for desirable behavior should be given to kids about whom they are concerned more often. Teachers may significantly improve the likelihood of proper behavior in their classroom by shifting from using reprimands and responding to the student only when undesired behavior happens to concentrate on the student’s positives.

particular behaviors

Provide Options

All children, even those with autism, want to feel in control of their surroundings. Many youngsters benefit from having just two to four alternatives (depending on the kid) since they get confused with too many possibilities and cannot select. “Would you want to play any board game or watch TV?” “Would you like butter or jelly on your bagel?” “Would you like to wear a red or green shirt?” Again, children with language problems typically have better success selecting decisions when the alternatives or images of the possibilities are shown to them (e.g., make an effort to distinguish between the two colors of t-shirts and let the audience choose).